Sunburn’s definition is straight and simple; redness, itching and pain caused by overexposure to the ultraviolet radiations of the sun. Its definition itself provides the methods and techniques of sunburn prevention. Sunburn is rated as average sunburn and intense sunburn. An average sunburn is the one in which redness occurs in 2 to 4 hours of exposure with slight pain and swelling (at times), and may take 3 to 10 days for complete cure. An intense sunburn is caused in 30 minutes to exposure causing, redness, pain, swelling and blisters (most of the times), and may take 7 days to a month for a complete cure.
How To Prevent Sunburn?
Sun exposure cannot be avoided if you are an outdoor worker or student. However these few tips can help you prevent your skin from sunburn.
- Make sunblock your friend. For American skin, an SPF 15 to 30 sunblock with UV+ or UV++ positively works on the skin. Always apply the sunblock at least 30 minutes before exposing the skin to the sun.
- Use a loose head covering along with a pair of sunglasses.
- Refresh your sunblock every 2 hours during continuous sun exposure.
- Cover the body before going out in the sun. You can wear a full swim suit for a beach hangout. If you want to wear a bikini, then you must cover your whole body with 45 to 60 SPF sunblock, and make sure that you do not rub any type of cloth or towel on your sunblock covered skin.
Home Remedies For Sunburn?
I. A person who has just discovered sunburn should immediately take an ice cold bath.
II. Drip a freshly cut aloe Vera stem and gently apply the gel on the sun burnt skin parts.
III. Intense sunburn can be cured by the application of vitamin C or E capsules mixed with aloe Vera gel. Such a person should drink vitamin C rich juice 3 times a day.
IV. The pain and swelling of sunburn can be relieved by putting a few tea bags (even used ones) in the bath tub and sitting in it for 15 to 30 minutes.
V. Coconut milk is a skin soother and moisturizer. It should be applied 5 to 8 times a day on average sunburnt skin, and 10 to 12 times on the intense sunburnt skin.
VI. Moisturize the sunburnt parts 3 to 5 times a day.
VII. Drink as much water as you can.
VIII. Eat body temperature cooling foods like overripe mangoes, bananas, yogurt, butter and watermelon etc.
IX. For an intense sunburn, avoid touching or applying anything on the blisters. Don’t pop them out for it will take a lot of time to vanish the marks, let alone its pain.
Misconceptions About Sunburn Treatment
- Baking Soda: Baking soda should never be used on the sun burnt skin since it may irritate the skin or cause inflammation. It can even cause rashes on the skin.
- Vinegar: Although vinegar has the quality of adjusting the pH levels, however the case of sunburn is not solely about the pH of skin. It’s about skin tissues, blood circulation in these tissues and all other components of the skin. Vinegar normally doesn’t work on a sunburnt skin. Even if it does, it would only produce counter-effects.