/Chemical Peel – Function & Effects

Chemical Peel – Function & Effects


Chemical peels are basically used for lifting the appearance of skin, which faces unusual growth on neck, hands and face most commonly. With the help of a chemical procedure, the layers of unwanted skin are removed. This process has some side effects but also gives a lot of benefits. Here we are going to discuss different aspects of chemical peel process and how it affects.

When to Use a Chemical Peel?

  • As told above,  it is used to remove the unwanted layers of skin, which makes your skin appear old and dull. After a chemical peel skin turns out to be brighter and smoother.
  • Signs of aging can be combated along with other skin problems, which occur with the passage of time.
  • Acne scars and other spots can be eliminated with the help of a chemical peel.
  • If you are concerned about your looks a chemical peel can help improve them a lot.
  • You can also remove the affects of damage to your skin by the chemical peel.
  • Getting prepared for the chemical peel
  • Before getting any chemical treatment it is important to stop taking medicines or drugs, which can interfere with the treatment.
  • Before the treatment, your dermatologist will recommend taking few medicines in order to prepare your skin. It is important to prevent any possible reactions or infections.
  • Previous medical record must be discussed with the doctor

There are basically three different types of chemical treatments:

  1. Superficial peel – in this process the upper most surface of skin is exfoliated.
  2. Moderate peel – in this process along with the upper layer the epidermal layer is also peeled away.
  3. Deep peel – in this process the epidermis area is removed with the underlying skin layers and is considered as a deep peel.

Before the treatment, the required area is cleansed thoroughly with the help of proper washing solutions. It helps in removing any traces of sweat, dirt and oil from the surface of the skin. When the skin is properly cleaned the chemical peel is applied according to the degree of the peel required. Once the desired effects are achieved, the remaining cream is washed away and the skin is neutralized with the help of a cream.

Chemicals Used in Chemical Peel

There are different chemicals used which are mentioned below;

  • Alpha Hydroxy Acid – glycolic acid
  • Tri-chloroacetic acid
  • Salicylic acid
  • Phenol
  • Malic acid
  • Tartaric acid
  • Citric acid

All of these acids have some sort of unique action on the different layers of our skin. When used in different combinations a special chemical peel can become effective, which can be used on the layers of the skin.

Possible Effects of Chemical Peel

Right after the treatment the skin surface will appear like a wound. Special care needs to be taken during this time period to avoid it from external damaging factors. Within a few days the skin will turn normal and the scar will fade away. The results of the treatment will appear different according to the genetics and other factors.

A few steps are taken before the treatment as told above to minimize the side effects. A dermatologist will recommend different tests before the main major chemical peel treatment.